Transaction Types of e-Invoicing in Malaysia: A Detailed Guide

Learn about the various transaction types managed through the IRBM's e-Invoicing framework, designed to boost efficiency and compliance in Malaysia.

By
Ajith Kumar M
May 3, 2024
5 min

The Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia (IRBM) has implemented a robust e-Invoicing framework designed to standardize the process of electronic invoicing across all sectors of the economy. This initiative is a pivotal component of Malaysia's broader strategy to digitalize its tax administration, enhancing both compliance and operational efficiency. By transitioning to a fully digital system, the IRBM aims to facilitate more straightforward and transparent transactions for businesses, consumers, and governmental entities alike.

This framework not only simplifies the invoicing process but also ensures that every transaction complies with Malaysian tax regulations. It is tailored to accommodate various transaction types including Business-to-Business (B2B), Business-to-Consumer (B2C), and Business-to-Government (B2G) interactions. The guidelines issued by the IRBM provide clear instructions on how to properly document and manage e-Invoices, making it easier for all stakeholders to fulfill their tax obligations accurately and efficiently.

Through this structured approach, the IRBM seeks to foster a compliant, transparent, and technologically advanced business environment, ultimately supporting the growth of Malaysia's digital economy.

Transaction Types Covered by e-Invoice in malaysia

e-Invoice supports the following primary types of commercial transactions:

  1. Business-to-Business (B2B): Transactions between businesses, mirroring traditional commercial exchanges but optimized for digital compliance.
  2. Business-to-Consumer (B2C): Direct transactions between businesses and individual consumers, ensuring accurate and immediate recording of sales and services.
  3. Business-to-Government (B2G): Similar in process to B2B, this category includes transactions between businesses and government entities, requiring adherence to specific regulatory standards.

Entities Required to Comply with e-Invoice malaysia

e-Invoice is mandatory for all individuals and legal entities engaging in business activities, including but not limited to:

  • Associations
  • Bodies of persons
  • Branches
  • Business trusts
  • Co-operative societies
  • Corporations
  • Limited liability partnerships
  • Partnerships
  • Property trust funds
  • Property trusts
  • Real estate investment trusts
  • Representative and regional offices
  • Trust bodies
  • Unit trusts

Scenarios and Types of e-Invoices

The e-Invoice framework is meticulously designed to cover various scenarios, ensuring that every financial transaction is accurately documented and easy to trace. The scenarios necessitating the issuance of an e-Invoice include:

  1. Proof of Income:
  2. Issued to record any form of income from sales or services provided, acknowledging the revenue generated by the taxpayer.
  3. Proof of Expense:
  4. Utilized for recording all expenditures, including purchases and other costs. This type of document is vital for returns, discounts, and adjustments to previously recorded income.
  5. Type of e-invoices in Malaysia
  6. InvoiceAn invoice is a commercial document issued by a supplier to detail and record a transaction with a buyer. It lists the products or services provided, their quantities, and the agreed-upon prices, forming the basis for payment.
  7. Credit NoteA credit note is issued by suppliers to correct errors, apply discounts, or account for returns on a previously issued e-Invoice, aiming to reduce the original invoice's value. This document does not involve the return of actual funds to the buyer but adjusts the amounts owed.
  8. Debit NoteA debit note is issued to signify additional charges on a previously issued e-Invoice. This document is typically used when the original invoiced amount is found to be less than the required payment due to various reasons like undercharging or an addition of services.
  9. Refund NoteA refund note is issued by a supplier to confirm the refund of the buyer's payment. This document is used in transactions where actual monies are returned to the buyer, usually due to overpayment, returns, or cancellations.
  10. Self-Billed InvoiceUnder specific conditions outlined in Section 8 of the e-Invoice Specific Guideline, a party other than the supplier, usually the buyer, is permitted to issue a self-billed e-Invoice. This type of invoice is issued by the buyer when they are authorized to bill themselves for the goods or services received.
  11. Self-Billed Credit NoteThis document is issued by buyers to make adjustments on a previously issued self-billed e-Invoice. Similar to a regular credit note, it serves to correct errors or apply discounts, reducing the value of the original self-billed e-Invoice without involving a return of funds.
  12. Self-Billed Debit NoteIssued by buyers, a self-billed debit note indicates additional charges on a previously issued self-billed e-Invoice. It's used when there are extra charges or fees that were not included in the original invoice.
  13. Self-Billed Refund NoteA self-billed refund note is issued by buyers to confirm the refund of their payment. This is applicable in cases where there is a return of funds to the buyer, generally stemming from overpayments or errors in the self-billed invoices.

These documents form an essential part of financial transactions, ensuring clarity, compliance, and proper accounting for both parties involved.

By following these guidelines, taxpayers can ensure compliance with Malaysia's tax laws and facilitate a smoother transition to digital transaction records. This initiative not only supports the growth of the digital economy but also enhances the efficiency and transparency of tax administration across the nation.