Different E-invoicing models in Malaysia

Explore the different e-invoicing models implemented in Malaysia, including benefits and how these systems streamline business operations and tax reporting.

Ajith Kumar M
April 24, 2024
10 min

Introduction to E-Invoicing in Malaysia

In Malaysia, e-invoicing represents a pivotal step in the digital transformation of business practices, a move supported by the Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation (MDEC). This advancement aims to not only streamline invoicing processes but also to enhance interoperability and compliance with tax regulations across the board. E-Invoicing allows businesses to send invoices in an electronic format directly from one financial system to another, thus bypassing traditional paper-based processes and manual handling.

Overview of E-Invoicing Models in Malaysia

The implementation of e-invoicing in Malaysia includes various models designed to accommodate the diverse needs of businesses operating within the country. These models are categorized into Peppol and Non-Peppol systems, each supporting different invoicing processes. Among the most significant are the 2-corner, 3-corner, and 4-corner models.

The adoption of e-invoicing in Malaysia is driven by the broader goal of the Malaysian government to bolster digital initiatives across economic sectors. The initiative targets improvements in efficiency, accuracy, and legality of business transactions. E-invoicing also fits neatly into Malaysia’s environmental goals by reducing paper use and the associated waste.

Understanding E-Invoicing Models in Malaysia E-invoicing

In Malaysia, businesses can choose between different e-invoicing models depending on their needs, operational complexity, and the nature of their transactions. These models are mainly divided into 2-corner, 3-corner, and 4-corner models.

The 2-Corner Model

This model involves direct interaction between the supplier and the buyer, making it the simplest form of e-invoicing:

  1. Supplier: Directly creates and sends an e-invoice to the buyer.
  2. Buyer: Receives and processes the invoice.

Ideal for smaller businesses or those with fewer transactions, this model reduces the need for intermediaries, thus lowering operational costs.

The 3-Corner Model

Involving an intermediary service provider, this model adds a layer of standardization and security to the e-invoicing process:

  1. Supplier: Sends the invoice to a central service provider.
  2. Service Provider: Validates and processes the invoice, ensuring compliance with both local and international standards.
  3. Buyer: Receives the processed invoice from the service provider.

This model is beneficial for businesses that do not have the capability or desire to manage multiple service provider relationships directly.

The Peppol E-Invoicing Framework

The Peppol framework is an international standard that facilitates the exchange of various electronic documents, including invoices, across different ERP systems and platforms. Malaysia adopted this system to ensure greater international compatibility and to foster a more dynamic electronic exchange environment.

The 4-Corner Model

  1. Corner 1 - Supplier: Initiates the invoice.
  2. Corner 2 - Supplier’s Access Point: Translates the invoice into a standard format and securely transmits it.
  3. Corner 3 - Buyer’s Access Point: Receives and translates the invoice into the format preferred by the buyer.
  4. Corner 4 - Buyer: Receives, processes, and executes payment based on the received invoice.

The flexibility of changing service providers without losing data interoperability is a major advantage of the Peppol model. This model supports open competition and innovation among service providers.

Benefits of E-Invoicing in Malaysia

E-invoicing offers a multitude of benefits that extend beyond simplifying transactions:

  • Increased Efficiency: Automation speeds up the invoicing process, from creation to payment, reducing the transaction cycle.
  • Cost Savings: Reduces the costs associated with paper invoicing, including printing, delivery, and storage.
  • Improved Accuracy: Minimizes human error through automation.
  • Enhanced Compliance: Easier tracking and auditing of invoices improve compliance with tax laws.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Supports green initiatives by reducing paper use.

Challenges in Adopting E-Invoicing

Despite its benefits, the transition to e-invoicing can be challenging:

  • Technical Barriers: Setting up new systems or upgrading existing ones can be costly and complex.
  • Training Needs: Employees need to be trained on new systems, which requires time and resources.
  • Integration Issues: Integrating new systems with existing financial software can be complex, especially for large organizations.

Future Outlook and Strategic Importance

The future of e-invoicing in Malaysia looks promising, with continuous enhancements in digital infrastructure and regulatory frameworks expected. As more businesses adopt e-invoicing, the overall business environment in Malaysia is likely to become more efficient, transparent, and competitive on a global scale.


The shift towards e-invoicing in Malaysia marks a crucial step towards digitalization, aligning with global standards and enhancing operational efficiencies. As businesses navigate between Peppol and non-Peppol models, the choice largely depends on their specific needs, transaction volumes, and international interaction. E-invoicing not only fosters better business practices but also supports the broader economic agenda of promoting digital transformation across industries.